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Friday, 26 December 2014

WHY MUSEVENI MAY NOT EASILY LURE BACK MAJ. MUTENGESA

It is 1986 and Museveni has just captured power after duping the Okello Junta into the Nairobi peace talks while he worked on breaking up the DP/military junta alliance. He makes a moving 'fundamental change' swearing in ceremony speech that very few Ugandans correctly interpreted at the time. At Makerere University, Sabiiti Mutengesa - a young 1985 Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine graduate who had been retained by the faculty as a Teaching Assistant, makes up his mind to join the NRA. He is recruited and taken to Kabamba military camp in Mubende for basic military training.

Before completing his basic military training course, Muengesa was selected to attend an officer Cadet training at Sundhurst in the UK. He successfully completed the course in 1988 after setting a performance record that remained unbroken for over a decade. Upon return to Uganda, Mutengesa was not commissioned for six months. When he was eventually commissioned to 2lt, he stayed on the same rank for three years. He was then promoted to full Lt and remained so for another seven years. In all the above, it was grossly against army terms and conditions of service. On the contrary, Museveni's son Muhoozi who attended the same academy as a militia (LDU) and finished his course in July 2000 was already a Captain by end of 2001.

Mutengesa was to serve as Aide de camp (ADC) to two Chiefs of Staff i.e Sam Nanyumba and Fredrick Okecho before he was appointed as Commandant School of Political Education (indoctrination). Later he was deployed to the office of the army Chief Political Commissar (CPC) as the Administrative Officer (Admin) which is more of being an aide to the CPC. In 1994 he attended an Adjutant General Officer basic course at the US army soldier support institute at Fort Benjamin Harrison in Indiana where he graduated as the best performer winning a diplomatic medal. In 1996 he attended the adjutant general officer advanced course at Fort Jackson, South Karolina. Upon return he was deployed as a staff officer in the office of the Chief of Personnel and Administration - another way of rendering a more qualified officer redundant. Later on, he was made a Career Planning Officer under the Chief of Career Planning then Brig. Henry Tumukunde. In 1997 he attended the Infantry Company Commander's course at Monduli in Tanzania where he emerged with a distinction 'A'.

 Major Sabiiti Mutengesa became the NRA Director of Records at a time when Museveni had duped Ugandans during the 1996 elections that he was seeking another presidential term so as to proffessionalise the army. The unsuspecting Major Mutengesa took up the army records docket with a lot of zeal and commitment. At the time Museveni's army was involved in the DRC and the primitive accumulation of wealth by privileged army officers was the order of the day. Some Commanders especially in the insurgency areas of northern Uganda benefited by creating non existent (ghost) soldiers among other vices. Years back when Mugisha Muntu attempted to streamline the army strength through verification of actual army strength and taking legal action against beneficiary commanders, Museveni had halted such action by arguing that it is the same commanders who were fighting the insurgency. Museveni's protectionism had helped to create conducive breeding conditions for the vice. At the time the army had not computerised its records management system but Maj Mutengesa committed his personal computers and embarked on streamlining the army personnel records aimed at coming up with actual strength.

The first casualty of Major Mutengesa's operation was the norther Uganda based army 4th Division where Kaziini was the Div. Commander. Since then bad blood developed between the powerful Kaziini and self confident Maj (Dr) Mutengesa. Shortly after, Museveni appointed Kaziini as the Chief of Staff thus providing the later with an opportunity to met revenge on Maj Mutengesa. At the time, Kaziini doubled as the Chief of Staff and overall commander of Operation Safe Heaven (the Congo military adventure). Though the Army Commander at the time was Gen JJ Odong, because of Mseveni's sectarian backing of Kaziini overshadowed the role of JJ Odong whom the army spokesman at the time (Phenecas Katirima) accused of leaking secrets!!! Gen Kaziini tested Maj Mutengesa's resolute by ordering that all the soldiers who either died, deserted or went missing while on mission in the Congo should not be struck off strength. Kaziini argued that if such information went public it would cause political problems. As a professional commander, Maj Mutengesa outrightly rejected this order by mobilising the top army leadership i.e Army Commander (JJ Odong), D/Army Comdr (Joram Mugume), Chief of Personnel and Admin (Steven Kashaka) and Chief of Finance (Joseph Musanyufu) whom he gave professional advice.

Gen Kaziini retaliated by accusing Maj Mutengesa of creating ghost soldiers under General Headquarters. He went a head to suspend Maj Mutengesa, place him under arrest and instituted a probe team headed by his own Aide the Camp Okori. At the time Mutengesa was scheduled to undertake a Masters degree in Defence and Security Analysis. The figure head Army Commander ordered the release of Maj Mutengesa but Kaziini refused to honor the directive. The team got divided on the findings with the Kaziini sycophants finding Maj Mutengesa culpable while minority members from CMI found Maj Mutengesa innocent. After some months Major Mutengesa was released from detention but could not resume his office and only remained undeployed. Kaziini became the army commander replacing JJ Odong. Mutengesa fled to exile in the UK where he has kept a very low profile. Years later Museveni in order to impress donors and dupe Ugandans instituted a probe team into the creation of ghost soldiers headed by Tinyefuza. Gen Tinyefuza at the time disclosed that the probe committee had requested the UK government to provide personal security to Maj Mutengesa to come and testify before the committee!!!!Some Officers were suspended but no one was prosecuted instead many have been promoted and reassigned.

Uganda had once again lost a son whose services and contribution. Mutengesa is from the little known Kyaaka/Kyegegwa as no reknown historical NRA/Museveni supporter hails from the same area. He had no God fathers in the army or government. His commitment and professional conduct could not suit into Museveni's designs of personalising the army under the command of his son for life presidency. Its Museveni who harassed Maj Mutengesa into exile and Kaziini was just an agent. There are many of such victims whose plight has passed unnoticed.

Being a Mutooro, Maj Mutengesa did not need God fathers in the army or government to plead for him before Museveni. Most Batooro are like that by nature; the look simple and receptive which some people have misinterpreted as being easy going. A Mutooro will either accept and serve you wholeheartedly or reject you once and for all. Their faithfulness and loyalty is traced from the time of colonialism when they dominated the domestic workers industry in the British homesteads. British families would proceed on holidays for months leaving a Mutooro house keeper in charge of the entire homestead but would come back and find the homestead intact. The trend has continued with Batooro dominating the domestic workers industry and carrying of luggage for passengers in Kampala because of their trustworthiness and loyalty to the boss. Museveni had a number of them in the bush both in the NRA and NRC i.e Dr. Kamanyire, Katenta Apuuli, Tom Butime etc. When the going got tough in Luwero, his NRA sought refuge in Tooro from where they were wholeheartedly received and the elders negotiated surrender for the first of the UNLA without a fight. From Tooro the NRA took over government six months later. Unfortunately Museveni takes the Batooro for granted but at the same time knows their potential. Its the reason these days hardly months pass without him visiting Tooro. Its only Batooro like Col Tom Butime and Edward Rugumayo (Minister for Karamoja and Ambassador to Europe respectively) who rejected Museveni's demeaning appointments and instead opted to retire into private life. It is only late Brig Clovice Kalyebara who is on record of ever having stood his ground to oppose on principle Museveni's vague views in the army council sitting. Museveni ordered for his being matched out but the Brig.told him straight that "am a senior officer who can match myself out" before Museveni allowed him to resume the sitting. For the same reasons, Museveni has relied on a big number of  them have been manning his secret services.

However, there are few cases of some Batooro like Andrew Mwenda, Maj. Okwir Rabwoni, Noble Mayombo etc who have been a disgrace to the entire community. Therefore, Museveni knows that Maj Sabiiti Mutengesa can not be easily lured into betraying his conscience by promises of material, monetary or power gain. Maj Mutengesa was persecuted into exile because his professional conduct at the time threatened the Muhoozi club that was in an incubator at the time. If he is to be lured into returning to Uganda under Museveni's reign, it will not be an easy task though its possible especially if he is 'let down by Ugandans.'

INFORMATION IS POWER

Monday, 22 December 2014

MUSEVENI HAS DUPED EVERYONE EXCEPT LRA'S JOSEPH KONY

Uganda's Gen Yoweri Museveni has proved to be a master of deceit by all standards. In order to gain power and be able to retain it for the last 28 years, he has had to lie, deceive, manipulate, blackmail, hoodwink, dupe etc. The list of his victims is vast as it comprises  of friends, relatives, peasants, elite, intellectuals, academicians, diplomats, religious leaders, cultural leaders, and heads of state.

In 1970 he duped the first UPC government that he was a loyal party cadre so as to be recruited into its intelligence services from where he embarked on the long journey to pursue his childhood dream of becoming President of Uganda. In 1972 he deceived the government of Tanzania into supporting an aborted invasion through Mutukula after he convinced them that he had established a formidable internal resistance network within the Iddi Amin government such that in can of an external invasion, the government would simply crumble.

In exile he would deceive the mainly UPC dissidents that he was part of their joint efforts yet he was undermining them for his selfish interests. He duped the government of Tanzania into supporting his parallel organisation (FRONASA) yet their was a formidable organisation under the deposed former  president Milton Obote. In Tanzania, he orchestrated the abandonment of the majority FRONASA recruits just because they were from the eastern region. His hit squads inside Uganda committed heinous crimes that were attributed to the Iddi Amin regime. In 1978 he deceived the Tanzanian government into allowing him to recruit from western Uganda only to end up swelling his FRONASA with ethnic westerners and Rwandese refugees. In 1979, he manipulated the Moshi conference into assigning him the Defence portfolio - a position he used to divide the new post Iddi Amin army (UNLA) while he promoted his own FROASA faction.

He manipulated the UNLF government  AND the NCC into overthrowing the post Amin governments of Prof Yusuf Lule and Godfrey Binaisa respectively. That way he was made the Vice Chairman of the ruling Military Commission hence became the 2nd most powerful man in the land. He duped the military leadership at the time when he retained a personal army omposed of the Rwandese refugee soldiers who had been genuinely eliminated from the new post Amin army on grounds of non citizenship.It is this group that he had to use a few months later to launch his guerrilla war.

In 1980 he deceived veteran politicians to unsuspectingly elect him as the UPM party presidential candidate yet he only wanted to use the new and inconsequential party just as a launch pad for his bush war. That is why UPM was unceremoniously disbanded. In 1981 he manipulated soldiers, peasants, and some intellectuals into joining his bush was by exploiting the situation of insecurity that he had created and would continue to create. During the same year he moved very first first to neutralise the Prof Lule group (UFF) by duping them into merging with his PRA to form NRM/A. To further dupe the group and win the total support of the Baganda, he made Prof Lule the Chairman of the NRM while he chaired the strategic NRA high command.

He duped the Gen Moses Ali group into signing an alliance so as to win Libya's support for his group. He moved to destroy the UFM group of Andrew Kayira by spying on their operations and indirectly leaking it to government. The final blow came when he deceived the UFM that he would show up for a joint attack on the government forces in Lubiri. Kampala but did not show up as the eleventh hour only for his NRA  to ambush the retreating  UFMs and take all the arms that the UFM had acquired from the daring attack.

His urban terrorist squad (Black Bomber) under Matayo Kyaligonza orchestrated insecurity Kampala and parts of central region that was blamed on government so as to manipulate the population into supporting his bush war. The young post Amin government army was too weak to deal with the insurgents since he had undermined it during the time he was Minister of Defence and Vice Chairman of the military Commission. During the recruitment race (Museveni Vs Obote, Bantu Vs Nilotics, South Vs North etc) UNLF officers had enlisted half baked, rogue and vagabond young men into the national army in order to swell their numbers and outsmart Museveni's FRONASA faction. He fought the bush war along the sectarian doctrine of dislodging the northern region's dominance of government and security services.

His ten point program was a mere propaganda paper for he had his tightly kept secret agenda of life presidency. Through deception, he enlisted the support of some few peasants, intellectuals and even lumpen and criminals. In 1985 he replaced Prof Lule with then Prince Mutebi in order to neutralise the support of the DP in Buganda. The DP had been behind the Okello coup and junta. He deceived the Okello military junta into the Nairobi peace talks by accepting a ceasefire as he strengthened his position. By the time he captured power, he had about 20,000 fighters mostly mobilised during the Nairobi peace talk that he treacherously used to kick them out of power. 

Upon taking over power in 1986, he deceived Ugandans into cheering that he was ushering in a fundamental change yet he meant that he was to rule for life thus No Change of guards. He deceived Ugandans that he was forming a four year interim broad-based government in order to entrap the DP and use it to isolate and destroy the UPC. He had fought the bush war on claims that the elections had been rigged against the DP. The DP had aligned with the UFM fighting group which he had undermined. At the end of the interim period, he dropped the broad based idea and extended his reign for another five years by deceiving Ugandans that the five years were for a new constitution making process. Instead he was buying time for his life presidency project.

Around the late 80s, he opportunistically abandoned Marxist ideals for IMF/WB SAPs prompting the west to describe him as a beacon of hope. He kind of abandoned his marxist allies in North Korea, Russia, Cuba etc. Since then he has duped the west into supporting him but currently he is back in bed with the communist/socialist block seeking alliances for his life presidency scheme. He abandoned the broad based government after using the DP to consolidate his power. To further consolidate Buganda's support, he introduced cultural institutions with cosmetic powers though he hates them and has always been undermining their cohesion. To be able to ride on Buganda's back, he fueled hatred for former President Milton Obote whom he threatened with sending six feet deep if he dared return to Uganda but when he died he was the chief mourner while flags were flown at half mask.

In 1988, he deceived the UPDA rebel group into signing the peace deal at Pecce stadium but soon after one of the former UPDA officers Major Kilama was killed in cold blood at Jinja port giving rise to a surge in the northern region insurgency. As a way of containing the northern insurgency, he pressurised the SPLA into rushing for independence before resolving their internal contradictions hence giving rise to the current embarrassing security situation in Southern Sudan. In the same regard, SPLM leader John Garang had to die in a suspicious Uganda plane crash.

In 1988 he duped the Rwandese President Habyarimana to attend the army commissioning ceremony in Kampala where he had to decorate a Rwandese refugee Fred Rwigyema to the rank of Maj Gen. Shortly after in 1990 the same Rwigyema led an invasion against Rwanda. Museveni deceived the world when he stated that he was not aware of the invasion. The consequences were dire during the 1994 genocide. In1998 he deceived Ugandans that he was sending his troops to DRC to fight the Uganda rebels in eastern DRC but his forces ended up penetrating over 6000 km into DRC and subsequently into CAR.  His troops were involved in plunder of resources, creation of warlords, rising and arming of militia groups. His self created warlords have been indicted by the ICC but he went scotch free. In 2005 he managed to dupe the ICC into indicting top commanders of the LRA but currently he is moblising African states to withdraw from ICC.

When he took over power, he banned political party activities on the grounds that they were divisive whereas the truth is that he feared their strong influence against his weak NRM. During the constituent assembly elections and the 1996 elections, he advocated for individual merit yet some individuals more aligned to his NRM were receiving state funding to facilitate their election. In 2000 he organised a sham referendum over return to multiparty democracy to extend his one party rule but a few years later he he organised another sham referendum because he wanted to turn his one party NRM into NRMO. Since then the "O" has been removed and the party reverted back to NRM. He had influenced the Constituent Assembly into renaming his personal army NRA as UPDF but in actual fact it remains NRA and a branch of his NRM. In 2005 he bribed parliament to amend the constitution by removing the presidential term limits thus allowing him to contest in sham elections since then.

In 2006 he sought reelection on pretext that he wanted to proffessionalise the army but instead he was buying time to personalise the army under the command of his son for his life presidency project. He had earlier deceived Ugandans by informing them that his son was not a member of the army but a member of the militia Local Defence Unit. He rigged the 2006 elections through intimidation and ballot stuffing by members of security forces. In 2007 he blackmailed the west into silence by initiating deployment of his army to Somalia and has been bent on prolonging the peace mission as long as he rules. In 2011 he sought reelection on pretext that he wanted another term to fight corruption yet the vice is a tool of winning loyalty from his party cadres. 

The list of Museveni;s deceit and trickery is endless. He has almost duped each and every Ugandan such that even the current top brass of opposition is composed of individuals who have at one time been his victims. However among the few individual Ugandans that have not fallen prey to Museveni's deceit is LRA's JOSEPH KONY. Though he had led over two decades of a brutal campaign of armed rebellion against the Museveni government, he has persistently evaded all the treachery by Museveni. His brutality against civilians is condemned but as an individual Joseph Kony is applauded for not falling prey to Museveni's treachery.

INFORMATION IS POWER






Thursday, 18 December 2014

"MBABAZI CONFERENCE" - POWER OF THE GUN AND CASH EXHIBITION



Mbabazi conference dubbed NRM delegates conference
The recently concluded NRM conference was nothing but a public show of the power of cash and the gun at Museveni's disposal that he can apply with impunity in his life presidency project. It was an occasion set to show the mighty and resolve of Museveni in crushing whoever dares to challenge his hold on the power.

Life presidency project
In an effort to contain the growing influence of Amama Mbabazi - Secretary General and Prime Minister , Museveni stage managed the so called Kyankwanzi retreat where his sole candidature resolution was initiated. Following that resolution, he sacked Amama Mbabazi from the Premiership. He dispatched his party cadres to the countryside to undermine Mbabazi's influence. In the meantime, Museveni convened his National Executive Committee (NEC) to force Mbabazi from the position of Secretary General. This week he dealt a final blow on Mbabazi by amending the party constitution to provide for powers for him to appoint the party Secretary General. He now feels abit relieved and he will make sure that his next choice will be a symbolic Secretary General who will act merely as his political assistant and not the independent minded historical like Kahinda Otafiire as some sections are speculating. Otherwise, Museveni has assumed the role of party Secretary General. Even Milton Obote could not dare assume the powers of appointing a party Secretary General.

The power of the gun
Mueveni's power base is the security forces. He has tamed that sector to the extent that it is no longer in dispute that the armed forces have been incorporated into his party structures. Since Mr. Mbabazi was accused of eyeing the presidency, security forces have been harassing and intimidating both Mbabazi and his sympathisers. Top army, Police, intelligence and government officials suspected to be sympathetic to Mbabazi have been placed under close watch.

During preparations for the recently concluded Mbabazi conference, security forces played the role of intimidating and sidelining suspected Mbabazi sympathisers so as to keep them away. There is no doubt; because of the illegality and ill motivation of the conference, the Museveni cohorts had highly anticipated serious protests by the Mbabazi sympathisers that would have sparked off massive protests.

For fear of serious security breaches, the organisers focused so much on the security aspect. Gen Jim Muhweezi was put in charge of security and accreditation. The so called accreditation process stretched to the lowest level of the party structures and involved Resident District Commissioners (RDCs), Internal Security Organiation (ISO), Police and local army commanders since Museveni's party is fused with the state. This was meant to ensure that those suspected to be sympathetic to Mbabazi are left out. On the contrary, if the party constitution stipulated the composition of membership of the delegates conference, why would the organisers bother with vetting, screening and accreditation!!!! It is this security and accreditation committee that undertook the task of vetting and approving the service providers like transport, hotels, decoration, printing, catering etc.

The army, Special Forces under the command of Museveni's son, Police and the intelligence services were heavily deployed in Kampala to secure the conference as in the countryside all security forces were placed on high alert. Battle gear patrols and armoured cars were on high alert in the city and around the venue. Some hospitals had been made to make reservations in the event of massive medical emergencies. The Police Chief who is a top party cadre had warned over plans of armed attack and poisoning of delegates. Either by design or by coincidence, as the conference was proceeding the security forces shot dead two suspected robbers in the city. The alleged bank robbers were in possession of a machete, axe, bow and arrows. For the first time bank robbers armed with an axe and bow intended to rob a bank in broad daylight moreover at a time when security had been hightened in all corners of the city!!!! Whatever it was, the inident sent a clear message to residents of Kampala that security forces were on the ground.

At the hotels, accreditation centre and conference venue,  SFG, police, intelligence commandos and crime preventers were infiltrated into the delegations to spy and ready to pounce on anyone who would express dissent. At the hotels, they had the task of ensuring that the Mbabazi camp does not make a last minute mobilisation of the delegates. The ratio of commandos to delegates was 2:5 and partly accounts for the surge of the earlier expected delegates. The media block out would ensure that in case of any nasty incident, it would not go public.

The power of cash
Museveni's other strong weapon of winning and retaining power is the use of of money. In the current fight against Mbabazi, cash is playing a major role. Right from the time of the Kyankwanzi sole candidature resolution to the Mbabazi conference, billions of tax payer's money has been spent by Museveni in trying to dissuade sympathy from Mbabazi. NRM cadres were given billions of shillings for countrywide popularisation of Museveni's sole candidature. Youth groups have been targeted by Museveni's cohorts with lots of cash. Museveni has personally been making countrywide tours where he makes donations in billions of shillings of tax payer's money.

Hiring of transport from upcountry to Kampala for the delegates, accomodation, means, 0.5m financial  facilitation for each of the 17000 delegates, printing of posters and T-shirts, airtime on mass media, etc cost billions of tax payer's money. Generally it was an opportunity to make quick cash by some of the privileged organisers as had been the case during the CHOGM. It is obvious that the head of the security committee Gen Muhweezi took a lion's share through the usual classified security expenditures. He must have quenched his thursty for he had spend long without accessing public finances. It is a fact that as usual the number of participants were inflated and in some instances the dead were replaced by way of official impersonation.

An attempt to swindle 0.2m shillings from each of the 17000 delegates was thwarted by Museveni's last minute intervention. Still this did not help as some delegates yelled to Museveni about their money as he took to the podium during the conference. During his speach he warned delegates against monetising politics.  Cadre Tadwong who is Museveni's newly-found top mobiliser gave some lame excuse of the number of 10,000 planned for delegates had surged to 17,000!!!! True, the surge was brought about by the official incorporation of members of the security services and crime preventers who mingled with the delegates at the hotels, accreditation center and the conference venue.
 
Conclusion
In all, the delegates did not debate the party constitutional amendments but the occasion was simply used to launch another Museveni dictatorial land mark. The successful exhibition of cash and the power of the gun will psychologically reinforce Museveni's future moves to strengthen his dictatorial political machinations. For Gen Jim Muhweezi, since he has successfully coordinated security for the Mbabazi conference, he will continue to act as the defacto coordinator of sole candidature Intelligence services. However, Museveni's team is still troubled by Mbabazi's aloofness over his next move. So as not to take chances, Museveni may be organising criminal charges against Amama Mbabazi.

INFORMATION IS POWER

Wednesday, 17 December 2014

GEN. SSEJUSA RETURN WAS A DEAL APPROVED BY MUSEVENI

There should be no doubt on the circumstances under which former exiled Gen Ssejusa returned to Uganda. Given the reasons for his overstay in the UK, the anti Museveni activities that he was involved in, his being a serving very senior army officer who had been declared a deserter and subversive, coupled by the VIP reception that he received upon return, its clear that the decision to return was his own decision subject to approval by only Museveni. Had Museveni not approved by threatening to arrest him, the Gen would either have not returned or would have returned but arrested immediately upon landing.

Negotiated return of exiles has always been ongoing though the one of Gen Ssejusa seems to be the biggest catch so far and that is why it has generated a lot of anxiety. All those soldiers from West Nile who served under Iddi Amin were allowed back through negotiated returns. The former DC of Luwero during UPC II Nathan Kalema negotiated for his return from London and lives quietly in Mbarara. Before Col. Muzoora met his mysterious death, government had initiated negotiations for his return from South Africa. What about Maj Okwir Rabwoni! Then Lt Bakarweha a lawyer who had been exiled with the Col Mande and Kyakabale in Sweden came back through a negotiated return and is now a serving senior army officer. Negotiations with LRA's Vincent Otti went sour resulting in his death. Even those who cross from opposition parties to Museveni's ruling clique undergo negotiations. Maj Rubaramira Ruranga is the classic example. Some other targets are simply compromised in return for being inactive and in extreme cases spying. The same applies to detainees or convicts like Tumukunde and Rwakasisi.

Such negotiations are usually mediated by family members, friends, elders etc and involves Chiefs of intelligence agencies. That is why Gen Ssejusa is not sincere when he says that there was no deal reached between him and the government. ISO Chief Brig Ronnie Balya was at the airport to meet him and there must have been other commanders with soldiers around ready to pounce on him in case he tried to breach the terms of the deal. The presence of his purported Lawyer, the landing late in the night and driving straight to his country home without causing commotion in Kampala was part of the deal. The lawyer was contacted by the Gen's family members at the last hour prior to his landing and got approval of the the ISO chief. Otherwise without clearance, the lawyer could not proceed to Entebbe to receive the renegade Gen.

Such negotiated returns usually involve a resettlement package in monetary terms and in some cases a job depending on the profile of the target. The financial cost of Ssejusa's air ticket, the fuel to his home, security guards, entertainment allowance etc were and continue to be met by the government. The security operatives around Gen Ssejusa may not be visible to every Tom and Dick but they are there for purposes of both his personal security and to spy on him. In the past we have seen situations where guards are withdrawn and government absconding to pay hotel bills for some returnees once government has lost interest in the target. Not all those who are targeted for luring into returning from exile do succumb; while others either out rightly refuse or simply go into hiding after eating the huge bait cash.

For Gen Ssejusa, the initiative to return must have been his own after realising that by continuing to stay in exile, he risked becoming irrelevant. As to why he did not come back on his own terms like was the case with Col. Besigye, the simple answer is that Besigye is more resolute than Ssejusa but more so they differ ideologically. While Besigye was persecuted into exile, Gen. Ssejusa was not persecuted into exile but while he was on a tour in the UK, government threatened to arrest him if he returned. Once again; "opposition to Museveni is in two categories i.e those who want to free Uganda from Museveni's bondage and those seeking to get into power." Given the situation, both categories are needed though the later category is prone to compromise.

Therefore, Gen Ssejusa's return was a deal that was painfully approved by Museveni. "...he knows my address; we have been waiting for him for some months....". Unfortunately the deal may soon be breached by both parties but with dire consequences for Gen Ssejusa because Museveni is does not honour agreements. Gen Ssejusa wants power from Museveni which power has just landed Amama Mbabazi three feet deep. He has a political organisation that he founded but as a serving army officer, the law does not allow him unless Museveni gives him an exception.

INFORMATION IS POWER






 

Tuesday, 16 December 2014

WHAT IS THE LEGAL STATUS OF FORMER M23 REBELS IN UGANDA?



Defeated M23 - a Museveni's reserve force
At the height of the M23 rebellion in eastern DRC the UN alleged that the Uganda government was rendering support to the militants. Uganda government reacted by rubbishing off the UN report before threatening to pull out its troops from Somalia. When the UN Brigade defeated the M23 in eastern DRC, Uganda offered sanctuary to the defeated rebels including their top military and political leaders. The government claimed that it had disarmed the defeated militants before harbouring them at Bihanga military barracks under the guard/protection of the NRA.

 M23 defeat splits EAC
The defeat of M23 by the UN Brigade that was comprised among two others ofTanzania troops did not go well for both Kigali and Kampala.It resulted in the isolation of Tanzania from the East African Community (EAC) through the creation of the Museveni engineered Coalition of the Willing comprising of Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda.

Nairobi declaration
Early in 2014, the government of DRC and the former M23 movement signed a Declaration of Surrender in Nairobi in which among other issues, the government of DRC was to grant amnesty to these militants. The DRC government also committed itself to the process of expediting the return of Congolese refugees to their country from neighboring countries. Around May 2014 some of these former M23 militants signed amnesty forms at Bihanga Barracks in Bihanga. The UN once again issued another report that linked the M23 militants to the fighting in South Sudan alongside the NRA. The Museveni government as usual vehemently rejected the report describing it as rubbish.

Efforts to return Sam Mugumya
There has been some improvement in relationship between Uganda and DRC following the successful attacks against the ADF by the DRC army in its eastern region. However, the presence of two Ugandan dissident politicians (Kipoi and Sam Mugumya) in Kinshansha is softening Uganda's stand on M23. Since the two countries have no extradition treaties, DRC has been reluctant to hand back the two to Uganda. There has been behind the scenes negotiations between the two governments. Museveni desperately needs the return of Mugumya and group so as to use them to corner Dr Besigye by fabricating treasonous allegations. 

Forceful return to DRC
As part of the deal, a high powered delegation from the DRC government has been in Uganda since last week over the return to DRC of the former M23 militants. Last week, the M23 political leader Bisiimwa protested over what he termed as forced repatriation of the former militants by writing to the UN Human rights office. The said protest did not deter the arrangement; today Uganda government was set to dispatch the first consignment of 120 of these militants back to the DRC.

Brig. Makenga escapes
About 800 (a battalion) of the former M23 militants led by Brig. Sultan Makenga are reported to have escaped fro the Bihanga military barracks to Rwamwanja Refugee Camp and reported to the UNHCR. How can 800 former militants manage to escape from a military camp in Ibanda and report to an equally guarded refugee camp in Rwamwanja in Kyenjojo district. The distance in between is over 60 kms and with natural obstacles in between like the River Katonga and Katonga wildlife reserve. This is a Museveni ploy to dupe the DRC government.

Legal status
Initially it was wrong for Museeni to harbour these former militias in a Military barracks unless they were part of his army or he intended to rearm them for re-invading the DRC. After being disarmed, they should have been handed over to the ICRC for further management and if there were those who wished to seek asylum in Uganda, the law is very clear. It would have been the government of Uganda to invite the UNHCR to offer humanitarian assistance to those who would have opted to seek asylum. After spending one year in a military camp under the host government, these militants do not qualify  for refugee status consideration under the UNHCR statute unless they proved that they had been detained in the military camp. Since they have never renounced rebellion, they face exclusion under the UN refugee status determination procedures because they are still regarded as militants who have not renounced rebellion.

DRC duped
As to whether the government of DRC will succumb to this Museveni hypocrisy, we are yet to see. Remember when Rwandese soldiers the NRA left to attack Rwanda in 1990, Museveni claimed that they had escaped.

Oh Uganda!!!!!

INFORMATION IS POWER

Monday, 15 December 2014

GEN. SSEJUSA'S RETURN AND THE SPY MYSTERY

Gen. Ssejusa's return to Uganda from exile in the UK is generating alot of debate as to whether he had been on a mission to spy on Ugandans in the diaspora. While Museveni's 28 years hold on power faces both armed and democratic opposition, much of such opposition is based more in the region than in the diaspora. The two remaining armed groups i.e ADF and LRA are based in the DRC and CAR respectively. During the late 80s and 90s the LRA enjoyed tremendous support from Ugandans in the diaspora but it has since then faded. The ADF is reported to draw its external support from support based in the region and in particular the Horn of Africa though its leader Jamil Mukulu is said to be a regular visitor to London.

Most of the Ugandans in exile left in the mid 80s following the overthrow of the UPC government and the Military junta. More exiles followed during the northern region insurgency. Some other Ugandans who are the majority have also settled in the diaspora for various reasons including the search for better economic prospects. It is this later group that Museveni commends and supports for their contribution to Uganda's economic development. Some other Ugandans left following the disputed elections since 2001, the Reform Agenda/shadowy PRA rebel activities. This last group is mainly based in the Scandinavia and South Africa. There are some Ugandans in the diaspora who are committed to the change of regime in Uganda and they found an asset in the Gen. Ssejusa exile and they now feel let down by his return to Uganda. Prior to Gen Ssejusa's exile, there was nothing so serious that was being organised by these Ugandans in the diaspora such that it required Museveni to dispatch a whole Gen and Intelligence coordinator to infiltrate and spy on their activities. However, among Ugandans in the diaspora there has always been and continues to be Museveni;s spies. Gen Ssejusa too must have become their key target hence why he had to be put on UK special protection.

Its a fact that while in exile Gen. Ssejusa mobilised some of these Ugandans and if there are any treasonous plans that were laid down i.e rebel activities or procurement of arms, we shall see these rebels being captured and arms being intercepted. In such a scenario, Gen. Ssejusa would only be accused as a co-conspirator since he cant be a witness. For those who may have had intimate discussions with the Gen. while he was in exile, it would be prudent to keep to yourself whatever transpired unless he (Gen) is the first one to do so and then you will have a right of reply in rebuttal. Therefore, it was too early for Mr. Olara Amii to disclose the attempted link with the LRA as quoted by The Monitor newspaper. 

Let us give the former exiled Gen the benefit of doubt. His subsequent conduct in Uganda and the actions or inaction by the Museveni regime against who are now in fear of having been spied on, will determine if he had been in exile for purposes of spying or not. This spy speculation has the effect of benefiting Museveni as oppressed Ugandans fear to trust each other. Moreover, there are counter-checks in confirming whether some one is a spy or not. For example, the 'spy' Gen would have moved alot in different countries to meet different Ugandans, he would have been easily accessible by individuals and organisations who wished to contact him, or he would have pretended to be seeking the help of his victims to lure young men into rebellion and the procurement of and smuggling of weapons into Uganda. Am not exonerating Gen Ssejusa but am trying to highlight the fact that there is no credible intelligence from among the diaspora Ugandans worthy gathering for one year and a half by a Gen.May be Gen Ssejusa has been contracted by Museveni to return to Uganda and infiltrate the opposition on the ground. Some prudent journalist should get a comment from the UK home office since the Gen. was an asylum seeker there. Gen. Ssejusa also needs to allay the worries and speculations surrounding his return; that is if his public statements are not curtailed.
Much as I would have wished to expound further over the issue, am constrained by the fact that my correct analysis might cause more damage than good.

INFORMATION IS POWER


Sunday, 14 December 2014

HAS GEN. SSEJUSA SCORED BY RETURNING HOME?

Had he been persecuted?
Before going to London in mid 2013, Gen Ssejusa had been the Coordinator of Intelligence Services. He realised that he had been rendered redundant by being assigned to such a cosmetic position. His long anticipated rise in the military as a tool for his political ambitions were thwarted by the growing rise of the club of Museveni's son. The growing opposition to Museveni from within his own NRM by Mbabazis and Kadaga coupled by the growth in strength of opposition parties further threatened to his political prospects. In order to remain relevant, the General initiated a series of stinging attacks against the system over its highhandedness. In an unusual trend of events, this time Museveni opted to ignore him and that is when the Gen authored a report to the DG/ISO over an assassination plan that was allegedly targeting him, Gen Aronda, Amama Mbabazi and Brig Mugira. On this one, once again I state that the Gen. was not being sincere because Gen Aronda and  Brig Mugira can not and will never oppose Museveni. This report leaked to the press when the Gen had gone to the UK. The government raided and closed down media houses that ran the assassination story. When the Gen was scheduled to return from the UK, the government heavily deployed security forces to arrest him. The Gen opted to remain in the UK where he sought protection from the British government. His office was ransacked and closed down while his close aides were arrested and charged with treason. Therefore, the Gen was not under threat of persecution before he had left for the UK though the subsequent actions by the government pointed to a high possibility of potential persecution.

Successes and failures in exile
In exile, Gen Ssejusa allied with other Ugandan political groups notably Col Ogole (RIP) and Otunu to form a political organisation. Col. Mande who is in exile in Sweden utrightly rejected any association with the Gen and repeatedly decampaigned him. Col. Kiiza Besigye met the Gen in London and possibly many other Ugandans who are opposed to Museveni. The Gen made clear his political plans to dislodge Museveni from power more especially using 'other means' as opposed to focusing on elections. This bold stand on the possibility of using armed option drew a lot of excitement from desperate Ugandans. Museveni moved very fast to reshuffle the army and the intelligence services in order to counter the real threat that was caused by the Gen's fall out. Gen Ssejusa's alliance with the diaspora exiles soon suffered a set-back when a split was registered and Gen. Ssejusa opted to go his own way.

Lured by political developments back home
The sacking of Mbabazi as Prime Minister and Secretary General has sky rocketed his  (Mbabazi) political rating to the same footing as Dr Besigye. The recently concluded national conference on electoral reforms that successfully articulated plans to rally Ugandans against Museveni's continued hold on power, further dealt a blow on Ssejusa's continuing to operate from exile. Once the the electoral reforms compact is operationalised, it would leave the exiled Gen Ssejusa as a non player in the impending stormy political arena. His attempt to dissuade the participants of that conference were contained in his brief about the alleged plan by government to fail it.

Bad news for Museveni!
Initially Museveni had threatened to arrest Gen Ssejusa upon return so as to scare him from returning. Museveni was more comfortable with Gen Ssejusa remaining in exile than getting closer to his (Museveni) power base - the military. This had been the case with Dr. Besigye when he opted to return from exile and his subsequent arrest and prosecution that made him more of a Hero. As to whether Gen Ssejusa will be court martialled will depend on the uncertain general political situation as it unfolds. Museveni would prefer not to court martial him as doing so will rise his (Gen Ssejusa) profile. Will the court martial discontinue the treason trial against Gen. Ssejusa's aides?

Was Gen Ssejusa on a spy mission?
Gen Ssejusa genuinely fell out with Museveni not in 2013 but decades ago. Even now the fall out still stands and the Gen will seek to retire from the army so that he hits the ground with his opposition against Museveni. He will not disclose to Museveni any covert dealings with individuals, organisations or foreign governments that he may have dealt with while in exile. Gen Ssejusa is not the Kasirye Gwanga type of Generals! To suffocate his political plans, Museveni will delay his retirement from the army. That is where the trouble will arise from.

Who is fooling who?
Negotiations for return to Uganda of exiles is not something new. It has always been going on and spearheaded by the heads of intelligence agencies through direct contact or with the use of mediators. In some rare cases involving high profile personalities like Gen Ssejusa, some international organisations and foreign donor governments are involved as guarantors. It normally involves a lot of negotiations over conditionalities among which is to keep out of criticising the system. Museveni finds alot of pride in luring exiles back home as it improves on the image of his government. In the instant case, both parties (Museveni and Gen Ssejusa) feel that they have outsmarted each other. As to who is smarter, lets watch the events as they unfold. Otherwise, the political arena is headed for more dramatic scenes in the few months to come.

Conclusion
Whatever, political plans that Gen Ssejusa has, they risked fading off if he remained in exile.He must have felt left out by the fast developing political developments in Uganda. If his being in exile was for mobilisation of external support, then the one year and a half is enough. His decision to return home is very positive except that the burden is on him to prove that he has either come home to continue the struggle against Musevenism or to support his continued oppression of Ugandans. Opposition to Museveni is in two categories i.e those seeking to get into power and those seeking to save the country from Museveni's dictatorship. Its time for the Gen to prove his worth.

INFORMATION IS POWER

Thursday, 11 December 2014

DID TERROR ATTACKS HELP KENYATTA OFF THE HOOK?

The recent surge in terrorist attacks on targets in Kenya coincided with the withdraw by the ICC Prosecutor of charges of crimes against humanity against President Uhuru Kenyatta. The 2007/08 general elections culminated into ethnic kllings that gave rise to the ICC indictment of Uhuru Kenyatta and his co-accused. Usually, withdraw of criminal charges is for different reasons among which is lack of sufficient evidence to support the prosecution of the accused. Prudent prosecuting authorities aim at prosecuting and not persecuting thus are driven by the desire to secure a conviction. To avoid loosing the case, embarrassment and the possibility of civil action if the accused is acquitted, prosecuting authorities decide to discontinue criminal proceedings by withdrawing charges (Nole-prosequ). It implies that in future if sufficient evidence is secured, the prosecuting authorities can bring back the charges thus reinstatement. On the contrary if prosecution opts to proceed on a weak case whereby the accused is put on his defence and court subsequently finds him not guilty, then he is acquitted of the charges. With an acquittal, such charges will never be brought against the accused. Therefore Uhuru Kenyatta is not yet off the hook because he was not acquitted and it is surprising to see him state that; "I feed excited and relieved that the case is over." While withdraw of charges is done by the prosecuting authorities, acquitting the accused is done by court.

Kenya troops joined the Somali war theatre  in 2011 following the kidnap of two Spanish ladies who were working with Medicins San Frontierer (MSF) in Dadab refugee camp. The initial operation was codenamed Linda Inchi amid protests by the Somali TFG and AMISOM. It was not until June 2012 that Kenya troops in Somalia were incorporated under AMISOM. The USA, UK and Israel threw their weight by providing financial, logistical and training to Kenya's anti-terror efforts. Since then Kenya has faced a number of terror attacks. Amidst the breakdown in security were the ICC cases against both the President and his Vice President. Uhuru Kenyatta scored when he ignored advice by Museveni not to go to the ICC but instead he fully complied with the court and he is now reaping.

Uhuru Kenyatta used the growing terror attacks amidst the ICC indictment to rally support from the international community. At one time Uhuru Kenyatta argued that Kenya faces security challenges that need full attention of the President. Later he was to repeatedly make passionate appeals thus "terrorism is a global challenge that needs global partnership." He went further to lament over isolation of Kenya through travel advisories by some countries asking their citizens to avoid Kenya owing to increased terror threats. Amidst this isolation he sought close cooperation with China. The final blow came late last month when he handed over the Presidency in order to attend the ICC session as an ordinary citizen. This was followed by the latest attacks in northern Kenya by Al-shabaab in which over 60 people were killed. As commander in Chief, Kenyatta grabbed the opportunity to declare that "Kenya is at war." He went ahead to clean his house by making sweeping changes in his top security machinery. During the same time, the ICC gave the Prosecutor one week within which to decide either to pursue the case against Kenyatta or withdraw the charges. The following week the Prosecutor withdrew the charges against Uhuru Kenyatta.

With the withdraw of charges, Uhuru Kenyatta can now concentrate on tackling the threat of terrorism that is engulfing his country. Already, there are reports of extra judicial killings of suspected Muslim radicals. The alleged assassination program is said to be carried out by special units of the Police and National Intelligence services. The fight against terrorism is providing the cover for heinous state inspired crimes against internal dissent. It worked and continues to work for Museveni's political machinations in Uganda. Anti-terrorism efforts are used to silence dissent, isolate political opponents, suppress freedom, and hold the west at ransom. Some of Museveni's officers of the anti-terror organisation (JATT) have been attached to Kenya's anti-terror squads even before Uganda ratifies the Mutual Peace and Security Pact! These officers have a trail of blood in Uganda's notorious safe houses. Already Kenya's parliament is working on an Anti-terror law that if not well drafted will impact negatively on the social and political life of Kenyans. Kenya's security machinery is reputed for an entrenched culture of impunity.

INFORMATION IS POWER.

Wednesday, 10 December 2014

BEHIND THE NEW MUSEVENI REGIONAL SECURITY PACT

For the first time last week Museveni's own NRM caucus (defacto parliament) questioned the intention of a new Mutual Peace and Security Pact that does not include the Tanzania and Burundi; other two East African Community members.  Shortly after the Minister of Defence presented it to the floor of parliament for ratification whereupon the Speaker referred it to the Defence and Internal Affairs committee for scrutiny. The unusual behavior of the rubber stamp caucus was prompted by the current split in political support for Museveni.

The Mutual Peace and Security Pact is a product of a Memorandum of Understanding between Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda on "collective measures taken by the partner states to ensure peace and security including combating cross border crime, counter terrorism, transnational crimes, and management of disaster among states."

Museveni has been at the forefront of fast tracking of the East African Community (EAC) political integration in the hope that he becomes the first President of the federation but moreso to secure a regional military alliance that will gurantee his life presidency scheme. Initially one of the core provisions of the earlier much craved for EAC Defence Pact had been "An attack on a member state shall be an attack on all member states. An attack on a party state shall be considered a threat on regional security. Such an attack shall be met with immediate collective action by all state parties." Tanzania opposed this provision and it negatively impacted on Museveni's schemes. The situation was worsened by Tanzania deploying its troops into eastern DRC to flush out the Rwand and Uganda backed M23 rebellion. Tanzania went ahead and signed the EAC Defence Pact that did not have that ambiguous provision. This Defence pact has since been rendered redundant since it does not serve Museveni's personal interest.  Read more on; changeofguards.blogspot.ca/EAC military alliance - Museveni's major stake).

Instead, Museveni went ahead to scheme for the Coalition of the Willing (COW) to include Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda and excluded Tanzania and Burundi. A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) was signed for fast tracking the political intergration in Kigali in October 2013. COW went ahead to roll out major infrastructure projects like the Mombasa - Kampala - Kigali railway line, South Sudan - Kampala - Kenya oil pipeline, oil refinery in Uganda etc. Under COW, the three partners states have gone ahead to put in place a single tourist visa, custom authority, use of national IDs to replace travel documents within the three partner states. Under the same arrangement Museveni came up with the idea of a Mutual Peace and Security Pact to cover the three countries excluding Tanzania and Burundi.

COW affairs are handled by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs unlike the EAC affairs which are handled by the EAC secretariat. Therefore, the current COW's Mutual Peace and Security Pact is a Museveni desperate ploy whose ratification he is trying to rush in order to be able to confront the impending tough times ahead. The pact will allow Rwanda's and Kenya"s security forces to intervene in Uganda's internal affairs within a few minutes of notification. Likewise, Uganda's security forces will do the same in Kenya and Rwanda. The The intoxicated Mutual Peace and Security Pact under COW is different from the sober Defence Pact under the EAC.  The Uganda parliament should as much as possible reject the ratification of this pact since it does not serve the citizens of the three countries but is meant to guarantee the leader's life Presidency schemes.

INFORMATION IS POWER

Saturday, 6 December 2014

WHAT IF MANDELA HAD BEEN IMPRISONED BY BY BLACK AFRICAN LEADERS!!

Nelson Madiba Mandela (RIP) was released from 27 years mprisonment to become the first black President of South Africa. This followed Nelson Mandela's championing the struggle of black Africans against the white minority rule that culminated into the re-known policy of racial segregation. The black Africans were justified in fighting against the system including the methods that were adopted at the time by Nelson Mandela though he was placed on the list of international terrorists.

During the time Nelson Mandela was in prison, the black African liberation movement thrived with the backing of some independent African leaders while the minority government in South Africa economically developed the the country. When Nelson Mandela was released from Prison after 27 years though he had been spiritually weakened,  still he could  have opted to resume the violent struggle against the white minority rule. He took a trip to some of the independent and 'free' African countries and it is most probable that what he saw there compared to the situation in South Africa then under the minority rule, must have influenced his decision to pursue the path of reconciliation. He contested for President in an election that was organised by the white minority rule but on the foundation of sound democratic principles that continue to thrive to date.

The minority rule in South Africa built a robust economy that put the country on the world map. Our young men who are escaping economic and political repression are craving to reach South Africa as a safe heaven. The independent African leaders whose countries were 'free from oppressive  minority rule' decades earlier are rushing to South Africa to hide their ill gotten wealth and to seek better medical facilities. Does minority rule only mean where whites are dominating in governance on an African country or it is shear racism? What about current African leaders who promote family rule and dominance of governance by friends, cronies and their tribe-mates?

Following the departure of their colonial masters, these independent and 'free' countries had embarked on suppressing their own people. Many promising upcoming leaders were harassed into exile, imprisoned, banished and killed by their fellow post independence African leaders. Economic mismanagement was and continues to be the order of the day. Had Nelson Mandela gained the Presidency in the 1960s, would South Africa have escaped what befell other African countries? Assuming Mandela had been imprisoned by black African leaders in South Africa at the time (his imprisonment no doubt helped to fuel the struggle), would he have remained alive in prison and even be released to become President?

 INFORMATION IS POWER




Thursday, 4 December 2014

MUSEVENI IS ABUSING THE INSTITUTION OF NATIONAL HEROISM

Uganda like any other state has its national heroes and heroines. These national heroes are both indigenous Ugandans and those who came from outside. The traditional rulers, christian missionaries who brought formal education and medical services, Arab traders who spread trade and Islam, colonial administrators, Indian migrants, World War Veterans, veterans of the struggle for independence, sportsmen and women, outstanding Ugandans who have excelled in different arenas, past Presidents, past Prime Ministers etc.  It is important to recognise the role played by such individuals in shaping the nation. Historically, both Ugandans and foreigners have been recognised for their outstanding contribution. Such recognition took the form of naming some places, roads and streets after their names. Interestingly, because of the post independence divisive politics that have characterised Uganda such recognition has been dominated by former Colonial masters and missionaries. This is not to downplay the role they played in bringing about civilisation.

However, when Museveni took over power 28 years ago, he embarked on the treacherous journey of rewriting Uganda's history so as to make it look as if Uganda started with his coming to power. He has been making efforts to erase the role played by other Ugandans before he took over power. In 1986 immediately after he took over power, he decreed that a Veterans Association be formed for those who has participated in his five years (1981- 1986) bush war. He further decreed that 9th June be the Heroes day - a date that coincides with the date in 1981 when he narrowly escaped capture by government troops from the compound of Adinan Mubiru Luttamaguzi in Luwero. Since then 9th June is commemorated each year as Heroes Day. In 2001 he moved parliament to enact a National Honours and Awards Act that stipulates 9th June as Heroes Day and defines an Awards Nomination Committee.

The Awards Nomination Committee is under the Chairmanship of Prof Mondo Kagonyera, Gen. Elly Tumwiine, and External Security operative Businge Amooti among others. With his party leaning committee membership, Museveni has been recognising and awarding them awards to those he feels recognising. Museveni has also awarded himself the Independence Medal  though he was still in primary school at the time of independence in 1962. He is now planning to be designated as the Father of the Nation. The awarding of medals for national heroism has been dominated by the soldiers he fought with in the bush war and the civilians that supported his bush war. He has deliberately not recognised those who have disagreed with him like Dr. Besigye and group. He also uses the award of medals to gratify his party cadres, lure fence sitters and blackmail families of some past national leaders.

No doubt giving dedicated service to one's country is the clearest form of patriotism that deserve recognition. It has a role to play in preserving national unity and preserving its genuine history. For the sake of history, such recognition should not be confined to those who did good things (heroes and heroines) but should be extended to even those who made mistakes so that history is not lost. Such double edged recognition and history has the potential of improving on tourist attraction. That way, national reconciliation and healing will be guaranteed. Such recognitions can take two levels i.e National and regional where the state can recognise national heroes and different regions can also recognise their respective heroes. Unfortunately, this is not possible under Museveni's regime where he portrays Uganda as having been bort 28 years ago and refers to past leaders as swines.

An example of recognition of past leaders as national heroes would take the form of:-

1. Entebbe Airport                                                      Sir Edward Muteesa International Airport
2. State House                                                             Dr. Milton Obote House
3. International Conference Center                                Iddi Amin International Conference Centre
4. Mulago National Refferal Hospital                             Dr. Milton Obote National Hospital
5. Army General Headquarters                                      Gen Shaban Opolot General Headquarters
6. Parliament  Building                                                    Dr. Paul Ssemogerere National Assembly
7. City/freedom Square                                                   Dr. Kiiza Besigye Freedom Square
8. Luzira Prison                                                               Museveni Maximum Prison
9. Army School of Infantry                                             Gen. Owite Ojok School of Infantry
10. Ministry of Agric & Animal Husbandry                      John Babiiha Complex
11. Ministry of Education headquarters                             Brig. Barnabas Kili Towers
12. Murchison Falls National Park                                   Kabalega National Park
13. Ministry of Justice Headquarters                                Ben Kiwanuka Justice Chambers
14. Jinja Bridge                                                              Shaban Nkutu Bridge
15. Karuma Bridge                                                         Gen Tito Okello
16. MUK Fuculty of Law                                                Godfrey Binaisa Law School
17. Police Headquarters                                                   Erinayo Oryema Police Headquarters
18. Katonga Bridge                                                          Gen Saleh Bridge
19. Tororo Army Barracks                                               Rait Omongin Barracks
20. Speaker's Chambers                                                  Cuthbert Obwangor Chambers
21. Farmers House                                                          Paulo Mwanga Cooperatives House
22. Masaka Barracks                                                      Julius Oketta Barracks
23. A monument at Lukaya                                              Col Gordon Sule
24. Soroti Flying School                                                   Col William Omaria

Just to mention but a few. Different Ugandans have contributed in different ways towards the shaping and preservation of Uganda. With good intentions, a genuinely composed commission can unearth balanced roles played by distinguished men and women.

At both national and regional level, heroes and heroines can be recognised for their different contributions in different fields i.e sports, health, education, religion, trade, entertainment, security, leadership etc. Even non governmental sectors should be encouraged to put in place a mechanism of recognising the contributions of different past players. Otherwise, leaving the fate of our history to be determined by Museveni and company had the danger of destroying it while promoting divisionism.

INFORMATION IS POWER.